Unit 8 HIS101 World Civilization Final exam

In the eighth unit, you learned about the major civilizations of the Americas, including the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca, and how European expansion and colonization led to their downfall. You compared civilizations in the Americas with other ancient civilizations in Africa and the Middle East. You are now equipped to apply your knowledge by comparing and contrasting civilizations around the world from antiquity through the fifteenth century CE in your final paper. Consider using the Unit 8 Guide to check that you completed all the assigned activities and remember to take a look at your instructor’s feedback on your Unit 7 & 8 assignments and Unit 8 discussion. Congratulations on completing this course on world civilizations!

  • In Unit 8, we will explore the development of civilization in the Americas prior to and including European exploration, conquest, and colonization. Early civilization in the Americas developed in two distinct areas: Mesoamerica and the Andean region. The Aztec and Mayan Empires laid claim to the Mesoamerica region, which was located in current day Mexico and Central America. The Andean region, located in South America, was home to the Inca Empire. Like the early civilizations we discussed in prior units, these civilizations developed their own social and political structure.

    Mesoamerica is located in the region stretching from the middle of Mexico south through central America. The first people settled in the Americas between 40,000 and 12,000 years ago, crossing over a land bridge that once connected Siberia to Alaska. The first recognized civilization of Mesoamerica were the Olmec, who flourished in Mexico between 1500 and 400 BCE. The Classical Period of Mayan civilization (250 – 900 CE) witnessed the emergence of monumental stone architecture, hieroglyphic writing, and a complex calendar. Religion loomed large in Mayan social and political identity, and divinely appointed rulers demanded human sacrifices to appease the gods. Around 900 CE, a people known as the Toltecs settled in the northern region of Mexico, and their heirs, the Aztecs would develop a powerful and extensive empire that encompassed almost the entire Mesoamerican region, until the arrival of the Spanish in the sixteenth century.

    The Inca Empire, which began in the twelfth century CE, is the most well-known early civilization of Andean South America. Its civilization spanned a large territory stretching along the western coast of South America and centered in Peru. Agricultural production fueled  the Inca economy, while their centralized state was maintained through elaborate road systems and a unified religion. Devastated by civil war and disease, the Inca Empire  was conquered by the forces of Francisco Pizarro in 1533.

    By the end of this unit, you will be able to:

    1. Compare the events that led to the establishment, expansion, and fall of the early American civilizations.

    2. Discuss the political, social, and religious identities of the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas.

    The image to the left is linked to an interactive map where you can see the approximate geographical location and learn more information about the civilizations discussed in this unit. If you are accessing this course from the Blackboard mobile application, you will need to visit the link or open the Interactive Map pdf listed below.•  Unit 8 Interactive Map•  Unit 8 Interactive Map Text Transcript

  • Topic 1

    Unit Topic 1 – Mayan Civilization

    Mayan civilization began around 400 BCE and entered a golden age between 250 and 900 CE. Competing city-states constructed impressive monumental buildings, including pyramid temples and composed elaborate hieroglyphic inscriptions.

    Overview of the history of the Maya Civilization, including their writing and architecture.

    • Mark, J. J. (2012, July 6). Maya Civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia.

    Overview of Mayan civilization:

    Watch Video

    25 Unbelievable Facts About The Mayans That Might Surprise You

    User: n/a – Added: 4/23/15

    YouTube URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2sUCcaPkAE

  • Topic 2

    Unit Topic 2 – Aztec Civilization

    Originating among nomadic tribes in northern Mexico, around the thirteenth century CE, the Aztecs began to develop a Mesoamerican empire, centered at the great city of Teotihuacan. A rigidly structured society and powerful military held together the diverse peoples of the Aztec Empire for nearly two centuries. The Spanish explorer Hernando Cortes and a small military force destroyed Teotihuacan in 1521.

    • Wallech, S., Daryaee, T., Hendricks, C., Negus, A. L., Wan, P. P., & Bakken, G. M. (2013). World history volume I: A concise thematic analysis (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
      • Chapter 17: The Americas- A Time of Trouble, pp. 355-363

    Overview of the history of the Aztec Civilization.

    • Cartwright,M. (2014, February 26). Aztec Civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia.

    Description of the end of Aztec civilization.

    Watch Video

    Ask History: What Happened to the Aztecs? | History

    User: HISTORY – Added: 1/17/14

    YouTube URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i3kWJfkqT0g

  • Topic 3

    Unit Topic 3 – Inca Civilization

    Despite the harsh environment of the Andean region, the Inca civilization flourished between 1400 and 1533 CE, creating an empire that stretched from Peru to Chile. A highly organized administration and road system facilitated Inca political control, but rebellions and diseased weakened the empire, leading to its destruction by European forces in 1533.

    • Wallech, S., Daryaee, T., Hendricks, C., Negus, A. L., Wan, P. P., & Bakken, G. M. (2013). World history volume I: A concise thematic analysis (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
      • Chapter 17: The Incas, pp. 363-366

    Overview of the history and culture of the Inca Empire.

    • Cartwright, M. (2014, September 15). Inca Civilization. Ancient History Encyclopedia.

    Overview of Incan Civilization.

    Watch Video

    Inca Civilization

    User: n/a – Added: 4/14/12

    Time: 3:57 min

    YouTube URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3F7G0VeqAeY

    Watch Video

    documentary on the pre-inca civilizations

    User: n/a – Added: 4/25/08

    Time: 2:52 min

    YouTube URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g1Mo4d9Rgdw

  • In the eighth unit, you learned about the major civilizations of the Americas, including the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca, and how European expansion and colonization led to their downfall. You compared civilizations in the Americas with other ancient civilizations in Africa and the Middle East. You are now equipped to apply your knowledge by comparing and contrasting civilizations around the world from antiquity through the fifteenth century CE in your final paper. Consider using the Unit 8 Guide to check that you completed all the assigned activities and remember to take a look at your instructor’s feedback on your Unit 7 & 8 assignments and Unit 8 discussion. Congratulations on completing this course on 

  • Preview YouTube video 25 Unbelievable Facts About The Mayans That Might Surprise You







    Calculate Your Essay Price
    (550 words)

    Approximate price: $22

    Calculate the price of your order

    550 words
    We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
    Total price:
    $26
    The price is based on these factors:
    Academic level
    Number of pages
    Urgency
    Basic features
    • Free title page and bibliography
    • Unlimited revisions
    • Plagiarism-free guarantee
    • Money-back guarantee
    • 24/7 support
    On-demand options
    • Writer’s samples
    • Part-by-part delivery
    • Overnight delivery
    • Copies of used sources
    • Expert Proofreading
    Paper format
    • 275 words per page
    • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
    • Double line spacing
    • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

    Our guarantees

    Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
    That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

    Money-back guarantee

    You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

    Read more

    Zero-plagiarism guarantee

    Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

    Read more

    Free-revision policy

    Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

    Read more

    Privacy policy

    Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

    Read more

    Fair-cooperation guarantee

    By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

    Read more

    Order your essay today and save 10% with the coupon code: best10